Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Torture Essay -- essays research papers

Ronald D. Cretlinsten battles that torturers get the capacity to adapt to the ethical situations of incurring torment upon and killing their kindred people basically through the procedures of â€Å"routinization† and â€Å"dehumanization†, and furthermore through the thought of â€Å"authorization† (191). With, for example, the case, an individual proficient in the specialty of torment would essentially have figured out how to be remorseless, in any case, that contention disregards the very reality that many occupied with such exercises are naturally unreasonable, and in actuality eagerly and joyfully damage to other people. The predominance of torment all through the world can be represented to some extent by the procedure of â€Å"routinization† in which a system, basically, desensitizes an offered torturer to the abominations that he is submitting in its name. In such a procedure â€Å"what is being done to somebody changes into what is being done: data gathering† (191). The undertaking of storing up data and admissions obscures the truth wherein the torturer lives; this is accomplished through friend pressure from individual torturers â€Å"to be a man†, by exceptional physical and enthusiastic preparing, and through the work of publicity guaranteeing that the torturer is satisfying his obligation and making the best choice as his casualties are shameless adversaries of the state (192). So, the torturer gets perplexed and incapable to translate the reality of his reality. This confusion is brought about by reiteration, or â€Å"habituation†, notwithstanding the advancement of the â€Å"task-orie...

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Customization Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words

Customization - Assignment Example From this investigation ity is certain that administration industry possesses a significant situation in the economy of the creating just as the created countries. A few examinations identified with the accommodation business propose that the hole between the client desire and client discernment can be shut by executing new advancement in the nature of administration. The vast majority of the working frameworks accessible in the movement, the travel industry and accommodation division have an immediate and prompt effect on the client. The tasks elements of cordiality area incorporate convenient help, quality items and very great conduct with clients. The administration structure and conveyance of accommodation part is comprehensively ordered into normalization and customization of administrations. In the contemporary time, customization of items and administrations are exceptionally esteemed by clients. So as to upgrade the nature of administration in accommodation division, it is ba sic that client decisions, results, conveyance and client boards are given significance. Legitimate promoting of brand is significant with respect to cordiality division. From this paper obviously the clients like to visit puts that have top notch brand picture just as notoriety in the friendliness advertise. The current client base of cordiality parts expects normalized quality with respect to items and administrations. In any case, the shoppers in the cutting edge and contemporary period expect redid administration structure and administration conveyance process. This exposition will contend for redid administration plan and administration conveyance forms are all the more requesting contrasting with the normalized procedure. As for business accommodation, it is significant that both normalization and customization elements of administration plan and conveyance are upgraded. Travel, the travel industry and friendliness have a few ramifications towards the administration of tasks. For normalizing structure and conveyance of friendliness benefits, the key factor is to convey on the guarantee made to customers.â

Friday, August 14, 2020

Are you ready to apply - UGA Undergraduate Admissions

Are you ready to apply - UGA Undergraduate Admissions Are you ready to apply? Especially if you have an older sibling who’s been through this before or maybe your parent happens to be a school counselor, your first question for August 1 might be, are there any changes to UGA freshman admission this year? Our simple answer is, not really. Your research will show that we have earned the roles of an internationally esteemed flagship state research university, the oldest in the United States. Lots of students want to start college in the exciting warmth of Athens. Over the past two decades we have realized unprecedented increases in the diversity and academic profile of our freshman classes. UGA admission has become remarkably competitive. So applying to UGA isâ€"and you deserveâ€"a relatively complex process that will fairly reveal to us your potential for academic success and for contributions to our campus in comparison with an expected 20,000+ other applicants. One change is that we’re opening our Application for 2014 First-Year students after Labor Day, September 3, instead of late August as in the recent past. The reason is a bit of caution on our part while we are in the midst of a multi-year switch to a massive Banner student information system version called “Connect UGA”. It is replacing a legacy system finally showing its age. Our goal for the change is that you shouldnt notice. Two other 2014 changes are in the essay topics we require for Regular Decision and a prohibition for applying for Summer, 2014 admission. This year, Summer students will have to gain Fall admission first, then in April request a change to Summer. The rest of our process is essentially unchanged. As you’ll see on our First Year Application website, we will still have two routes, Early Action (EA) and Regular Decision (RD). The 2013-14 deadlines for applyingâ€"Oct. 15 for EA and January 15 for RDâ€"are unchanged, as is your responsibility for getting us all necessary test scores and supporting documents by our posted deadlines. All admission decisions will be made before April 1 and accepted students must make their nonrefundable enrollment commitment deposit by May 1. Please understand that because of the necessary complexity of our 2014 admission process and rolling out the new Connect UGA SIS, deadlines really are deadlines. That part of the UGA freshman application processâ€"for better or worse as older siblings, parents and counselors can testifyâ€"has definitely not changed. And finally, check this Blog regularly to hear the latest hints, suggestions, and updates both large and small on what we hope will be a “Connect UGA” year for all of us. Go Dawgs!

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Marx s Theory Of Historical Materialism - 1495 Words

Capitalism is an economic system in a society in which private owners control industry and trade within a country, rather than the state. Both Karl Marx and Max Weber, have written theories on how this system develops in countries and creates a nation state that is characterised by production and wealth. Marx’s theory takes more of a top-down approach, suggesting that people have little power in how their society is run. On the other hand, Weber’s bottom-up approach demonstrates how people have the ability to initiate capitalism and change their society. Marx’s theory of historical materialism is based on a 5-stage system inevitable of any society, Weber’s theory of The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism states that it was a much smaller group within a feudal society whose religiosity inadvertently kick-started capitalism. Although both these theories look at how capitalism develops within a society, Marx’s macro-scale theory is more appl icable to every society, unlike Weber’s micro-scale approach that focuses on one group within society and their ‘spirit of capitalism’. Naturally, the theories vary due to the time of writing and the economic or political situation. Marx wrote of historical materialism during a German economic crisis, whereas Weber wrote his theory a generation after, seeing the economy develop and stabilise. This impacted the message they were portraying and influenced two opposing theories. Based on Hegel’s idea of dialectics shaping society andShow MoreRelatedWhy Has Marxism Been Neglected For International Relations?977 Words   |  4 Pagesof the major reasons why Marxism has generally been neglected in International Relations is due to the scarcity of Marxist writing that is specifically focused on this subject. However, it can be argued that due to this paucity of material, Marxist theory has nothing of substantial value to offer with regards to international relations. Non- Marxists argue that the concepts in Marx’s analysis of capitalist production; class, labor, exchange value, surplus value, are not relevant to international relationsRead MoreWhy Marx s Social Theory Place So Much Emphasis On Class Conflict And The Economic Aspects Of Society? Essay1524 Words   |  7 Pagesdoes Marx s social theory place so much emphasis on class conflict and the economic aspects of society? Karl Marx is one of the most influential and revolutionary philosopher, economist and sociologist of the 19th century. His thoughts not only shaped our understandings of the capitalistic world but also created a new system of social organization, communism. His ideology also defined the key political figures of the cold war period such as Stalin, Mao and Castro. Without Marx, theRead MoreWhy Marx s Social Theory Place So Much Emphasis On Class Conflict And The Economic Aspects Of Society?1630 Words   |  7 PagesWhy does Marx’s social theory place so much emphasis on class conflict and the economic aspects of society? Introduction There are many reasons why Marx’s social theory places so much emphasis on class conflict and the economic aspects of society. Marx created his theory during a period of time where there was a large level of social change which led to modifications in the ways in which people worked (Morrison, 2012). This social change impacted his sociological thinking, encouraging him to exploreRead MoreThe Marx And Marx s Views On History And Society, By Robert C. Tucker Essay1368 Words   |  6 PagesThe Marx-Engels Reader By Robert C. Tucker is an anthology containing essential writings of German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Major writing selections are to understand Marx perspective about history and society, such as The German Ideology. Marx introduces his historical materialism philosophy in the German Ideology: Part 1 of this book, where he proposes communism. Although I agree with a few points Marx gives, I can not accept his overall conclusion that communism is the onlyRead MoreHistorical And Dialectical Materialist Approaches2392 Words   |  10 Pagesmethods of social analysis in the Marxist tradition, how Marxist thinkers after Marx envision the practice of properly analyzing societies and their conceptions of historical and/or dialectical materialism having to do with their visions of the social sciences and humanities. Also, it talks about how their differences of varieties of Marxist materialism make up a given society. Lastly, this paper discusses how historical and dialectical materialist approaches are argued for and justified through theRead MoreThe Bankruptcy Of Marxist Ideology : The Dilution And Variability Essay1720 Words   |  7 PagesTopic 4: The Bankruptcy of Marxist Ideology: The Dilution and Variability of Marxist and Neo-Marxist Theory in the Post-WWI Era Introduction: This economic study will define the dilution and variability of Marxist and Neo-Marxist Theory in the post-WWII era. The slow dissolution of Marxist theory as as a 19th century economic concept defines the rise of capitalism and the neoliberal ideology that has permeated the latter half of the 20th century. The fall of communism in the late 1980s revealsRead MoreSociological Materialism Vs Economic Determinism1775 Words   |  8 Pages(Word Count: 1,779) Perceptions and Reality: Historical Materialism Versus Economic Determinism While Marx’s economic determinism is definitely a component of his theory of historical materialism, the two are by no means interchangeable. Historical materialism does not place value upon the truth of the status of society; all weight is born on how the material base of society is perceived by its inhabitants and how those perceptions lead the people within society to act accordingly in their politicalRead MoreThe As A Science For Emancipation871 Words   |  4 Pagesthe many contributions attributed directly to critical synthesis in order to unravel certain theoretical and conceptual nodes. More than 150 years have elapsed since Marx and Engels laid the groundwork for the materialistic theory as a science for emancipation. The reception granted to this theory was very powerful: Marxist materialism was erected as a State scientific doctrine within the Soviet bloc; it was the theoretical basis for several popular uprisings and revolutionary movements; it was theRead MoreKar l Marx s Theories Of History And The Theory Of Human Nature Essay1714 Words   |  7 PagesKarl Marx was a nineteenth century philosopher, born in Trier, Prussia (Germany) in 1818 to a middle class family and later died in 1883. Karl Marx’s philosophies on society, politics and economics is collectively understood as Marxism. He was a materialist and an atheist who had a profound impact on the world of intellectual thought. This paper will aim to discuss and determine with reference to Marx’s deterministic theory of history and the theory of human nature, if human beings are essentiallyRead MoreKarl Marx s Influence On Society1423 Words   |  6 PagesKarl Marx may be regarded as one of the most influential thinkers and his views on how society functions have shaped the development of socialist and economic theories. Political philosophers have developed a variety of enlightened ideologies depicting how governments and societies are organized over the course of histo ry. Marx’s influence by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel would lead to Marx’s view of history known as historical materialism, â€Å"Life is not determined by consciousness, but consciousness

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

The Tragic Consequences of the Rebellion on Animal Farm

ANIMAL FARM ESSAY â€Å"The tragic consequences of the rebellion on Animal Farm could have been prevented† What did go wrong on Animal Farm? In George Orwell’s book ‘Animal Farm’, many things went wrong. Many agree that the consequences depicted in the book could have been avoided, but what really caused these tragic happenings? Did these consequences occur solely because of Napoleon’s dictatorship, or did the animals willingness to cooperate also contribute in the downfall of Animal Farm? Napoleon was one of the main instigators of Animal Farm’s downfall. He was portrayed as a heartless and selfish dictator, who terrorized the other animals, and whom was willing to†¦show more content†¦Ã¢â‚¬Å"Milk and apples contain substance absolutely necessary to the well-being of a pig. We pigs are brain works. The whole management and organization of this farm depended on us. Day and night we are watching over our well fare. It is for your sake that we drink the milk and eat these apples. Do you know what happens of we pigs failed in our duty? Jones would come back!† †¨Ã¢â‚¬ ¨Napoleon, along with many other crimes, also severely abused his power being the leader of the animals. He never raised a working hand, but instead just stayed inside and gave out instructions. â€Å"The pigs did not actually work, but directed and supervised the others.† (page 35) This is also the case with the other pigs, as they believed themselves to be superior to the other animals. Another example of how he abused his authority is how he changed Snowball’s image from a hero into an enemy: â€Å"Napoleon decreed that there should be a full investigation into Snowball’s activities. With his dogs in attendance he set out and made a careful tour of inspection of the farm buildings the other animals following at a respectful distance† (Page 78). He twisted the truth using his power, so that Snowball was made in to the scapegoat for everything which went wrong on Animal Farm. Napoleon also terrorised the other animals into confessing to crimes that they did notShow MoreRelatedTheme of Fear in George Orwells Novels Essay1560 Words   |  7 PagesFear within the ignorant animals of Animal Farm and defeated humans of 1984 exist to uphold each novel’s totalitarian government. Each of these George Orwell novels delve into the power and manipulation of an absolute dictatorship. Napoleon in Animal Farm and Big Brother in 1984 both claim the newly established system of authority is of superior quality than the preceding regime. Apprehension is due to both fictional and realistic threats, twisted for the government’s power-hungry use. Feelings ofRead MoreThe Cold War And The Soviet Union s Sphere Of Influence1611 Words   |  7 Pagesfoolish belief in the purity of his political institution s ideals. The warning in Animal Farm is clear: regardless of their ideological background, po litical figureheads have the capacity and tendency to abuse their power. The humans in George Orwell s fable practice capitalism. Mr. Jones, the owner of Manor Farm, is described as an abusive drunk, whose inability to remember to feed his animals sparks their rebellion. Jones ineptness as a caregiver and leader result in his eventual overthrow fromRead MoreEssay Power and Corruption in Macbeth by William Shakespeare3354 Words   |  14 Pagesunclear who the real victim is, does power make a human do bad things or does a human do bad things with power? Both are true, many tragic stories begin with a man trying to gain power with good or bad intentions; either way, it goes downhill. Because of its tragic outcomes, power is a very prominent theme in literature, specifically warning people of the consequences of power. Many authors discuss how power influences people. Throughout every time period, there is some mention of the danger and corruptionRead MoreThe Bible Tell Us And The Be ginning Of The World2583 Words   |  11 Pagesuse the definition of God and Adam contained in the Bible, Paradise lost by John Milton, Dante s inferno, by Dante Alighieri and Dr. Faustus, by Christopher Marlowe. As such, God is the ultimate spirit hovering over mankind and the waters, skies, animals and all that is created on earth from the beginning of time, Actually, God is the creator of the universe, and everything within the universe, such as, matter, energy, space, and time, along with the first highest order of the nine-fold celestialRead MorePrejudice Essay : The Last Of The Mohicans 2567 Words   |  11 Pageswritten in 1826, James Fennimore Cooper illustrates events, proving prejudice, of the 1757 French and Indian War. There are various occasions in which parties of diverse races and nationalities are brought together, habitually with undesirable consequences. The white man’s persuasion on the Indians was a terrible one, as shown by Magua’s troubles with the fire-water (alcohol), and Chingachgook’s cry that the Mohican tribe was practically destroyed by alcohol. â€Å"Then his Canada fathers came into theRead More Population: The Growing Problem Essay3830 Words   |  16 Pagesnever, practically or mathematically, keep up with their own numbers. The food, he believed, would eventually run out once a certain critical mass of humans is reached. Malthus predictions and preaching about famine were a bit of foreshadowing of the tragic Irish Famine in the 1840s. When failure of the potato crop occurred for several successive years, this produced a devastating famine. Between 1841 and 1851, Irelands population fell from 8.2 million to 6.6 million through starvation [and] diseaseRead Moretheme of alienation n no where man by kamala markandeya23279 Words   |  94 Pagesshare in Antigone’s guilt and punishment; Creon refuses to punish her as he considers her temporarily insane. Tiresias (or Teiresias) The blind prophet of Thebes, who also appears in Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex. He comes to warn Creon that dire consequences will follow if he stands by his decision to leave Polynices’ body unburied. Eurydice The wife of Creon. She appears only once in the play, when she hears the news of her son’s (Haemon’s) The watchman Comes to inform death. She commits suicideRead MoreBible 104 Worldview Essay6535 Words   |  27 Pagesbook records David’s wars of conquest including the capture of Jerusalem and the relocation of the ark of the covenant to the City of David (6:1–19). But the author also records David’s failures: his adultery with Bathsheba (11:1–26), Absalom’s rebellion (15:1–18:30), Sheba’s revolt (20:1–26), and the disastrous census (24:1–25). Like all the prophetic writers, the author presents a portrait of his historical figures from the perspective of their faithfulness to God’s covenant. Key Facts Author:Read MoreSAT Top 30 Essay Evidence18536 Words   |  75 Pagesenvisioned himself taking up the aging Guthrie’s mantle. Dylan was coming of age in the 1960s in America, a time of simmering social unrest and approaching change; race- and gender-based oppression were coming under the microscope and youthful rebellion was on the rise. His reputation at the time was built primary on the relevance of his â€Å"protest† songs P a g e | 12 such as â€Å"Blowin’ in the Wind,† which appealed to white and black listeners alike. Such songs provided a bridge for variousRead MoreIgbo Dictionary129408 Words   |  518 PagesLà ¹Ã¯â‚¬ ¥a á » lÃ… «Ã¯â‚¬ § Do the work: Kà   à  nyá »â€¹ jee Let us go: ... à ² wà ¨e nalue á » ¥nà ²Ã¯â‚¬ ¥ wà ¨e fá » ¥ yÄ  ... and then he got home and found it this this (thing) this person this place, here this way oh! (surprise) answer to a call, e.g. yes; a low murmuring or exclamation over tragic news or surprise Aba: Òbà ¬Ã¯â‚¬ ¬Ãƒ  gà ¨là ¬ bà ¬ n’Àba á »Å'bá »â€¹ageli lives in Aba flatness; lying flat on the back: á »Å' tà ²Ã¯â‚¬ ¥gbà ²Ã¯â‚¬ ¥là ¹Ã¯â‚¬ ¥ à  ba He lay flat lie flat on the back: Òfà ´Ã¯â‚¬ ¨ sà ¬Ã¯â‚¬ ¬ mà ¹ chà  lá » ¥ Ä ba á »Å'fá »  asked me to lie flat on my back sleep on the back Idiomatic greeting and

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Polygamy and Children Free Essays

Imagine a young girl of twelve marrying a man of forty whom she has never seen before and being forced to produce children until her body is physically unable to perform a safe pregnancy. Imagine the girl being brainwashed and beaten for contradicting with a belief held by another man and forced to stay in her community for her entire life without knowing anything of the outside world. This scary world exists not just in imagination, but in the form of marriage known as polygamy. We will write a custom essay sample on Polygamy and Children or any similar topic only for you Order Now Found in almost every country, including the United States but prevalently in Islamic socitey, the practice is considered a right to a select few and a bane to the majority of others. Polygamy is a way of life that should not be allowed in society due to the fact that it creates male-dominated marriages, forces women into subordinate roles, and produces unworkable families full of strife, abuse and incest. Polygamy is a form of marriage in which a person has more than one spouse at a time; it most often occurs in the form of polygyny, when a man has multiple wives. Although the practice has been illegal in the United States for over one hundred years, it is estimated that over 30,000 citizens are involved in plural marriages. Although marriage is considered to be the mutual forming of a bond between a couple, in many polygamous marriages women are forced into the role of wife. They have no choice but to become subservient to their husband. From an early age they are taught of male dominance and are brainwashed by their culture and religion to refuse to the polygamy practice. Practice of polygamy in religion Polygamy is a very ancient practice found in many human societies. The Bible did not condemn polygamy. To the contrary, the Old Testament and Rabbinic writings frequently attest to the legality of polygamy. King Solomon is said to have had 700 wives and 300 concubines. Also, king David is said to have had many wives and concubines. The Old Testament does have some injunctions on how to distribute the property of a man among his sons from different wives. The only restriction on polygamy is a prohibit on taking a wife’s sister as a rival wife. Jews continued to practice polygamy until the sixteenth century. Oriental Jews regularly practiced polygamy until they arrived in Israel where it is forbidden under civil law. The Quran, contrary to the Bible, limited the maximum number of wives to four under the strict condition of treating the wives equally and justly. It should not be understood that the Quran is exhorting the believers to practice polygamy, or that polygamy is considered as an ideal. In other words, the Quran has â€Å"tolerated† or â€Å"allowed† polygamy, and no more, but why? Why is polygamy permissible ? The answer is simple: there are places and times in which there are compelling social and moral reasons for polygamy. As Quranic verse indicates, the issue of polygamy in Islam cannot be understood apart from community obligations towards orphans and widows. Islam as a universal religion suitable for all places and all times could not ignore these compelling obligations. Eventhough that is what Quran said most men practices it due to their success demonstration in their economy and social, us we saw it in Xala movie El hajd didn’t marry his third wife because she was widow or orphan. In most human societies, females outnumber males. In the U. S. there are, at least, eight million more women than men. In a country like Guinea there are 122 females for every 100 males. In Tanzania, there are 95. 1 males per 100 females. What should a society do towards such unbalanced sex ratios? There are various solutions, some might suggest celibacy, others would prefer female infanticide (which does happen in some societies in the world today ! ). Others may think the only outlet is that the society should tolerate all manners of sexual permissiveness: prostitution, sex out of wedlock, homosexuality, etc. For other societies , like most African societies today, the most honorable outlet is to allow polygamous marriage as a culturally accepted and socially respected institution. The point that is often misunderstood in the West is that women in other cultures do not necessarily look at polygamy as a sign of women’s degradation. For example, many young African brides , whether Christians or Muslims or otherwise, would prefer to marry a married man who has already proved himself to be a responsible husband. The problem of the unbalanced sex ratios becomes truly problematic at times of war. Native American Indian tribes used to suffer highly unbalanced sex ratios after wartime losses. Women in these tribes, who in fact enjoyed a fairly high status, accepted polygamy as the best protection against indulgence in indecent activities. European settlers, without offering any other alternative, condemned this Indian polygamy as ‘uncivilised’ After the second world war, there were 7,300,000 more women than men in Germany (3. 3 million of them were widows). There were 100 men aged 20 to 30 for every 167 women in that age group. Many of these women needed a man not only as a companion but also as a provider for the household in a time of unprecedented misery and hardship. The soldiers of the victorious Allied Armies exploited these women’s vulnerability. Many young girls and widows had liaisons with members of the occupying forces. Many American and British soldiers paid for their pleasures in cigarettes, chocolate, and bread. Children were overjoyed at the gifts these strangers brought. A 10 year old boy on hearing of such gifts from other children wished from all his heart for an ‘Englishman’ for his mother so that she need not go hungry any longer. We have to ask our own conscience at this point: What is more dignifying to a woman? An accepted and respected second wife as in the native Indians’ approach, or a virtual prostitute as in the ‘civilised’ Allies approach? It is interesting to note that in an international youth conference held in Munich in 1948 the problem of the highly unbalanced sex ratio in Germany was discussed. When it became clear that no solution could be agreed upon, some participants suggested polygamy. The initial reaction of the gathering was a mixture of shock and disgust. However, after a careful study of the proposal, the participants agreed that it was the only possible solution. Consequently, polygamy was included among the conference final recommendations. Polygamy and its impact on mental and emotional health of women and children Children develop self-esteem and a sense of well-being when they are raised in a nurturing and loving environment. If abandoned by either parent, children may feel unwanted or unloved. When attention and praise are withdrawn, or absent, children often respond by becoming anxious and depresses. we heard many real life story of abused women and children coming rom broken families. I was brought up in a society who are 60% practice polygamy and friend with who are abandoned women and children due to polygamy. Brought up with neglected wives’ and children suffering from emotional abuse and misuse of polygamy, I concluded that Children in polygamous household can experience a greater risk of neglect from their parents when father’s love and support is absent, distorted, or divided unequally. Young children are directly affected by their mothers’ emotions and in polygamous families their rate of depression and anxiety is positively correlated with their mothers’ sense of insecurity and depression. A high number of these children exhibit symptoms of severe depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, self destructive behavior with tendency towards violence. It is emotionally devastating for children when their mothers are abandoned in favor of new wives†. Furthermore, preferential treatment of children according to who is their mother causes a sense of lack of worth for children in polygamous households. Children of the first wife often feel abandoned and unwanted when the father neglects them and their mother, in favor of newer wives and their children. Domestic violence is a serious risk in these households as parents may attack one another or the children of less favored wives, or the children from one mother may attack the children from a different mother. Aside from the actual physical harm experienced by young victims of domestic violence, this abusive environment can seriously affect the victims’ mental development and health. This in turn increases the chance that they become perpetrators of acts of violence. The health of the mother, mentally and physically, also has an effect on the development of the child, as early as in the womb. When a mother feels anxious, this anxiety is transmitted to the child and increases the child’s risk for mental illness. When mothers worry about the stability of the household, children become insecure. This may affect their performance in school or how they interact with family members and other children. In one case, three young sisters supported by Ensan charity center all quit school due to lack of motivation and severe depression. Economically, polygamy makes it even more difficult for a father to provide for all of his children because it becomes more likely that he will have many children. Even fathers who wish to be involved in the lives of all of their children find that they must spend most of their time away from their family in order to provide financial security for their children and wives. When fathers fail to do so, the consequences are dire. Children and mothers experience emotional and financial depravation. In an attempt to find a sense of self-worth, belonging or a father figure, these children are more vulnerable to following people who encourage them to engage in violent behavior. Those children who do not behave aggressively towards others may often turn to drugs or alcohol, experience mental and emotional difficulties, or they may exhibit some kind of behavioral problems. The difficulties of being a supportive, loving father are often noticed by the fathers themselves. One illustration of the difficulties may be found in the International Herald Tribune account of the life of Abdu Hemmed Bekit,, who lives in Qatar with his five wives, 65 children and 82 grandchildren. When interviewed about his large family he says that he regrets not having only one wife. In order to prevent wives from competing with one another, he was forced to build their homes far apart, which made it harder for him to spend time with all of his children. Bekit is so opposed to polygamy that he has forbidden his sons to take more than one wife and has taught all of his daughters to refuse to become second wives. His feelings come not out of shame, but a reality check. He now knows that his wives would become jealous of one another and pick on the weakest ones. On several occasions, he has come across children that he did not realize were his. Feeding, clothing and sheltering so many children have also been large financial challenges for Bekit. However, as a successful businessman of his village, Bekit has been able to provide for his family. But this is often not the case. It is quite common for fathers to abandon their families when they cannot provide for them. Frequently, the eldest sons will drop out of school in order to find jobs to support the family. This in turn makes it more unlikely that he will be able to support his own family when it is time for him to marry. These various difficulties illustrate that the practice of polygamy affects everyone in the family. Polygamy can endanger family, the pillar of the society in the most serious way. If the family structure collapses, the wreckage is felt by all. If a man takes more than one wife, he is commanded to treat them all equally. But, who ensures that all the wives and children are treated equally and justly? Are the men able to recognize their unjust behavior ever? Are those who misuse religion guide-line of polygamy ever able to recognize their unjust behavior? We covered the sad story in Her Three Days and Xala movie, where there any wife or children happy about the third or fourth marriage? Weren’t they very sad? A common theme throughout both Xala and Things Fall Apart is the practice of polygamy. Both texts, examine the effects of polygamous life for both the husband and wives. The ideas of masculinity and femininity within marriage and polygamous society are scrutinized within the novels, giving the reader a broader picture of the cultural dimensions of polygamy. The two texts, varying greatly in style and subject, highlight the differences of both rural vs. urban polygamy and traditional vs. modern polygamy. The marriages of Okonkwo in Things Fall Apart represent traditional, rural polygamy, which is an accepted social norm within Ibo society. Okonkwo’s wives live together in what might be called a â€Å"sisterhood† within the family farm. In contrast, El Hadji’s marriages in Xala represent modern, urban polygamy, a practice that is tied to an individual’s religion (Islam) and economic success rather than the society as a whole. Despite the variances of polygamy within the novels, both highlight the effects on the perception of masculinity and femininity within polygamous relationships. Both novels highlight that the number of wives a polygamous man can acquire and support is a direct reflection on his masculinity. With these wives, he is expected to be a caretaker and provider, but constantly assert his dominance, as to not appear weak. Alternatively, the wives of polygamous marriages are encouraged to be passive and complacent, the picture of perfect feminine etiquette. They are supposed to show no jealousy or hatred towards their fellow wives, even as they compete for their husband’s affections. They are to know their status as objects of their husband. To prevent domestic abuse and social disintegrations, each member of the Society must have an interest for the welfare of women and children. The suffering of neglected wives and children should be everyone’s concern. If authorities do not concern themselves with the family welfare, the society becomes weaker, for the status of families has a profound impact on the strength or the weakness of society. Ultimately, when Women and children suffer, society suffers and pays the price as a whole. How to cite Polygamy and Children, Papers

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Short Story Discovery Essay Example For Students

Short Story Discovery Essay It was a hot, dry day in the middle of a desert town in Iraq and Steve and his squad was on patrol through the town of Al Miqdadiyah, with his best mate Doug at his side he lead the patrol through the middle of town. â€Å"Hey did you hear that the enemy are making advancements towards us? † Doug asked nervously â€Å"I Don’t think this place will be safe for long† Steve chuckled â€Å"Relax its secure we’ll be fine, they haven’t been spotted within 50 km of this place† as almost as soon as the words left his mouth a bullet zipped past him and hit the Soldier behind him â€Å"OH S**T! , Duck in cover! they all dove for cover as bullets hailed down at them from the buildings ahead â€Å"did anyone count how many bogies!? † Steve screamed at his squad â€Å"No sir they pined us down to fast† a young private named Paul â€Å"ok. we need to get out of the kill zone, half of us give covering fire and the other spread out as far you can† They did as commanded and half of the patrol suppressed the enemy long enough for the rest to spread out and find cover inside adjacent buildings and behind broken walls or in ditches, â€Å"alright now the other give cove † Steve was cut off by Paul â€Å"RPG!! Steve turned to face the missile racing towards the cover they were in â€Å"RUN! † he screamed but it was too late the missile hit and exploded creating a cloud of debris and dust, Steve went to sit up and shoot’s of pain coming from his gut and chest. he was hit by shrapnel and was bleeding out, he looked around to see his squad and saw that all the Soldiers in the radius of the blast were dead, including Doug his best mate since primary school, and Paul a 18 yr old boy who he p romised he’d make sure he’d be going home to his family at the end of this mission. As Steve lay dying with his squad and Best mate a memory entered his mind, the first day he and Doug talked about military service 5 yrs ago when they were both 17. â€Å"Dude The army is going to be so mad† Doug cried out in joy as he and Steve were walking home one day â€Å"I know I’m going to be an officer† Steve replied, â€Å"and maybe I’ll be your COâ€Å"he added mockingly â€Å"HA yeah I wouldn’t trust you to lead me across the road let alone through a battlefield† Doug said with a laugh, then Steve spaced out and thought about that fact.. e was worried that he might not be a good CO and get his men killed, who all trusted him to lead them in and out of danger and through missions, and back home to their families but how could he know that he was going to make the right decision all the time, as this thought passed through his mind he Shuddered and shook off the worried thoughts about the great amount of responsibility he’ll have to face in the future, (he kept this worried thought with him for the rest of his life hich as you know is very short. ) he turned to face Doug and said â€Å"I promise to lead you to safety and victory on the battlefield† jokingly then suddenly It all faded and a beeping was heard Steve had woken up in a hospital.